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333px-Demeter Pio-Clementino Inv254

Demeter, Greek goddess of grains, agriculture and fertile soil

Over the course of human civilization many gods and goddesses have come into being. Among these dieties there are many who preside over agriculture, plants, and the earth.

Ancient Near East and Persia Yücel KökenEdit

AshnanEdit

Dagon1

Modern interpretation of Dagon

Ashnan was the Mesopotamian goddess of grain.

Dagon Yücel KökenEdit

Dagon was originally an Assyro-Babylonian fertility god who was the god of grain and fishing.

NidabaEdit

Nidaba was the Sumerian goddess of writing, learning and the harvest.

NikkalEdit

Nikkal, whose name means "Great Lady" and "Fruitful" was the Phoenician goddess of orchards and fruit.

EmeshEdit

Emesh was the Sumerian god of vegetation and the abundance of the earth

NisrochEdit

Nisroch was the Assyrian god of agriculture.

EnbiluluEdit

Enbilulu was the Mesopotamian god of rivers, irrigation and farming.

EnkimduEdit

Enkimdu was the Sumerian god of canals, ditches and farming.

Yücel KökenEdit

Egypt Yücel KökenEdit

276px-Standing Osiris edit1.svg

Osiris

OsirisEdit

Osiris was the Egyptian god of the underworld and rebirth. As such, he was responsible for granting life that supported vegetation and grain as well as presiding over the annual flooding of the Nile. He is often depicted as a pharaonic man with green skin.

HeqetEdit

Heqet was the Egyptian goddess of fertility. She was associated with the flooding of the Nile, and the germination of grain crops. She was often depicted as a frog sitting upon a lotus.

ShezmuEdit

Shezmu was the Egyptian god of blood, oil and wine. He was depicted as having the head of a lion with fangs and a mane drenched in blood. It is said he wore human skulls around his waist like a belt.

RenenutetEdit

Renenutet was the Egyptian goddess of nourishment and the harvest. She was depicted as a cobra or a woman with the head of a cobra.

Greece Yücel KökenEdit

656px-Aion mosaic Glyptothek Munich W504

Representation of Gaia (laying down) with her children, the Seasons. (ca. 200–250 B.C.)

DemeterEdit

Demeter was the Greek goddess of grasses, fertile land, grains, fruit and agriculture. She was the sister to Zeus and mother of Persephone. She also presided over the cycle of life and death.

DionysusEdit

Dionysus was the Greek god of grapes, celebrations, wine and winemaking. He had many cults around Greece. His followers were known as "maenads" or "the raving ones."

GaeaEdit

Gaea was the Greek, primordial representation of the earth. Born for Chaos, she was the mother of all the Olympian gods and titans by her union with Oranos (the sky).

AthenaEdit

Athena was the virginal Greek goddess of defensive warfare, crafts, wisdom, olives and olive groves.

HecateEdit

Hecate was the chthonic (earth-bound) goddess of nature, crossroads, the wilderness, poisonous plants and magic. Modern-day scholars regard the figure of Hecate as mysterious and "at home on the fringes..."

The SeasonsEdit

The Seasons, also known as the Horae, were goddesses of the seasons and natural portions of time. They guarded the gates of Olympus and presided over the fertility of the earth.

PersephoneEdit

Persephone was the Greek queen of the underworld, daughter to Demeter, and wife to Hades. Her movement to and from the underworld is representative of the new plant growth in spring and the death of vegetation in the winter. She is associated with spring and the seeds of fruit.

Rome Yücel KökenEdit

357px-Polidoro da Caravaggio - Saturnus-thumb

16th century depiction of Saturn

TerraEdit

Terra, or Tellus, was the Roman primordial personification of the earth. Romans appealed to her for help during earthquakes. She also presided over the productivity of farmland, motherhood and pregnancies.

VertumnusEdit

Vertumnus was the Roman god of the seasons, change, plant growth and fruit trees. He is closely associated with Pomona.

AnnonaEdit

Annona was the divine personification of the grain supply in ancient Rome. She was connected to and often depicted with the goddess Ceres.

ConsusEdit

Consus was the protector of grains and storage facilities. He was represented by a grain seed.

PutaEdit

Puta was a minor Roman goddess who presided over the pruning of trees.

CeresEdit

Ceres was the Roman goddess of agriculture, crops, fertile land and grain. She is the Roman counterpart to the Greek goddess Demeter.

469px-Nicolas Fouché 001

Pomona, by Nicolas Fouché, c. 1700

Pomona yücelin malı dokunmayınEdit

Pomona was the Roman goddess of fruit, fruit trees and fruitful abundance. She is closely associated with Vertumnus.

SaturnEdit

Saturn was the Roman god of agriculture, harvest, justie and strength. He was the son of Terra and the father of Ceres as well as many other gods and goddesses. He is seen as the Roman equivalent of the Greek titan Cronos.

FaunusEdit

Faunus was the half-goat god of forests, fields, plains and cattle. He is often associated with the Greek god Pan.

LymphaEdit

Lympha was the ancient Roman goddess of fresh water. She is often included among agricultural deities due to the significance of water to agriculture.

FloraEdit

Flora was the minor Roman goddess of flowers and spring.

Mexico and Meso-America Yücel KökenEdit

Pachamama

A depiction of Pachamama

AcanEdit

Acan is the Mayan god of wine. He is identified with the drink, balche, made from fermented honey to which the bark of the balche tree was added.

AxomammaEdit

Axomamma was the Incan goddess of potatoes.

ChicomecoatlEdit

Chicomecoatl was the Aztec goddess of agriculture during the Middle Culture period. She is sometimes called "goddess of nourishment", a goddess of plenty and the female aspect of corn.

PachamamaEdit

Pachamama was the Incan fertility goddess who presided over planting and harvesting. She was said to cause earthquakes.

Sara MamaEdit

Sara Mama was the Incan goddess of grain.

Xipe TotecEdit

Xipe Totec was the Aztec god of life-death-rebirth, agriculture, vegetation, the east, disease, spring, goldsmiths, silversmiths and the seasons.

XochipilliEdit

Xochipilli was the Aztec god of art, games, beauty, dance, flowers, and song. His name contains the Nahuatl words xochitl (flower) and pilli (prince), thus his name means "Flower Prince."

North America Yücel KökenEdit

393px-BigKokoCV

A depiction of Kokopelli

KokopelliEdit

Kokopelli was a god of agriculture, fertility and trickery worshiped by the Native Americans of the South West United States.

IyatikuEdit

Iyatiku is the corn goddess of the Pueblo people of the South Western United States.

EuropeanEdit

300px-Sucellus BritMu022a

Bronze statue of Sucellus

The DagdaEdit

The Dagda was an important god of Irish mythology. He was a father-figure and protector of the tribes. He was a god of agriculture who possessed a harp that could, when played, put the seasons in order, ever-producing fruit trees and a magical cauldron.

FreyrEdit

Freyr was one of the most important gods of ancient Norse religion and mythology. Freyr was highly associated with farming and weather.

GefjonEdit

Gefjon was the Norse goddess of plowing and fertility.

ŽemynaEdit

Žemyna was the Lithuanian mother-goddess of agriculture, fertile earth, and nourishment.

JariloEdit

Jarilo was a Proto-Slavic god of vegetation, fertility, spring and the harvest.

PekkoEdit

Pekko was an ancient Estonian and Finnish god of crops, especially barley and brewing.

Mat ZemlyaEdit

Mat Zemlya (literally Mother Earth) is the collective term applied to a number of Slavic deities devoted to plants, growth, birth, creation and patrons of field works.

SucellusEdit

Sucellus or Sucellos was the Celtic god of agriculture, forests and alcoholic drinks.

UkkoEdit

Ukko was the Finnish and Estonian a god of sky, weather, crops and other natural things.

CaribbeanEdit

Dan PetroEdit

In Vodoo, Dan Petro is the loa who protects farmers.

AgwéEdit

Agwé is the Voodoo loa who rules over water, fish and aquatic plants.

Azaka MedehEdit

Azaka Medeh is the Voodoo loa who presides over the harvest.

AfricaEdit

Mbaba Mwana WaresaEdit

Mbaba Mwana Waresa was a fertility goddess of the Zulu religion. She is a goddess of the rainbow, agriculture, rain and beer.

Asia and India Yücel KökenEdit

263px-Dewi Sri Java Bronze

The depiction of Dewi Sri in Central Java art

Dewi SriEdit

Dewi Sri is the Javanese, Sundanese, and Balinese goddess of rice and fertility.

HooriEdit

Hoori is the god of cereals and grains in Japanese mythology.

Pa-chaEdit

Pa-cha was the Chinese god who protected farmers against locusts.

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