Apocynum, commonly known as dogbane and Indian hemp, is a genus of the plant family of the Apocynaceae with seven species. Its name is from the Greek: apo, away and cyno, dog, attributed to its toxicity. The genus occurs throughout the temperate Northern Hemisphere, except for western Europe. It is also milkweed's lookalike.
Apocynum species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species including the mouse moth.
- Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)
- Apocynum cannabinum (dogbane or Indian hemp; North America)
- Apocynum hendersonii (northern Asia)
- Apocynum medium (intermediate dogbane)
- Apocynum pictum (Chinese dogbane; Eastern Asia)
- Apocynum sibiricum (Siberian dogbane; northern Asia)
- Apocynum venetum (European dogbane; Eastern Europe, Asia)
Apocynum cannabinum was used as a source of fiber by Indigenous peoples of the Americas. Apocynum venetum (is used as an herbal tea in China. Dogbane contains cymarin, a cardiogenic toxin that causes cardiac arrhythmia in humans.