Potato Information

Scientific Name

Solanum tuberosum






So you are ready to plant potatoes? Well, you have come to the right place. We've all the information you will need to get started and care for your plants. Remember you can post in the forum if you have any questions.

All About PotatoesEdit


Caring for Your PlantsEdit


Potatoes contain toxic compounds known as glycoalkaloids, of which the most prevalent are solanine and chaconine. Solanine is also found in other plants in the family Solanaceae, which includes such plants as the deadly nightshade (Atropa belladonna) and tobacco (Nicotiana) as well as the eggplant and tomato. This toxin affects the nervous system, causing weakness and confusion.

800px-Potato fruits

Poisonous potato fruits

These compounds, which protect the plant from its predators, are, in general, concentrated in its leaves, stems, sprouts, and fruits. Exposure to light, physical damage, and age increase glycoalkaloid content within the tuber; the highest concentrations occur just underneath the skin. Cooking at high temperatures (over 340° F or 170° C) partly destroys these. The concentration of glycoalkaloid in wild potatoes suffices to produce toxic effects in humans. Glycoalkaloids may cause headaches, diarrhea, cramps, and in severe cases coma and death; however, poisoning from potatoes occurs very rarely.

Nutritional ValueEdit