The term grape variety actually refers to cultivars rather than botanical varieties according to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants, because they are propagated by cuttings and may have unstable reproductive properties. However, the term variety has become so entrenched in viticulture that any change to usage of the term cultivar is unlikely.
Single species grapesEdit
While some of the grapes in this section are hybrids, they are hybridized within a single species (for example, Niagara). For those grapes hybridized across species, see the section on multispecies hybrid grapes below.
Vitis vinifera grapes (wine)Edit
White grapes Edit
Vitis vinifera (wine and table) Edit
Red table grapes Edit
White table grapes Edit
Vitis labrusca (wine and table) Edit
Many commercial varieties commonly called labrusca are actually complex interspecies hybrids.
Wine grapes Edit
Red table grapes Edit
Purple/Blue table grapes Edit
Vitis riparia (wine grape rootstock and hybridization source)Edit
Vitis rotundifolia (table and wine) Edit
Vitis aestivalis (wine) Edit
Vitis mustangensis (wine) Edit
Multispecies hybrid grapes Edit
Vinifera hybrids (wine) Edit
Hybrid grape varieties (see Hybrid grapes) or "hybrids" is, in fact, the popular term for a subset of what are properly known as hybrids, specifically crossings between one species of the genus vitis and another. The scientific definition of a hybrid grape is any crossing (intra- or inter-specific) of two grape varieties. In keeping with the popular definition, however, the ones listed below are inter-specific hybrids where one parent is a European grape. Most of these are complex mixtures of three or more species and all parents are not always clearly known.
Vinifera hybrids (table) Edit
Non-vinifera hybrids (table and wine) Edit
- Beta, Vitis labrusca X Vitis riparia
- Clinton, Vitis labrusca X Vitis riparia
- Jaeger 70, Vitis aestivalis and Vitis rupestris
- Minnesota 78, Vitis labrusca X Vitis riparia X possibly Vitis vinifera
Non-vinifera hybrids (rootstock) Edit
- SO4, Vitis berlandieri Planch. X V. riparia Michx.
- 5BB, Vitis berlandieri Planch. X V. riparia Michx.
- 5C, Vitis berlandieri Planch. X V. riparia Michx.
- 110R, V. berlandieri x V. rupestris
- 1616 Couderc, Vitis solonis x V. riparia
- Harmony, ((V. riparia x V. labrusca) x V. vinifera) x Vitis champinii
- 8909-05, Vitis rupestris ‘A. de Serres’ x Vitis rotundifolia ‘Cowart’
- 3309 C, V. riparia x V. rupestris